Alaide Chieffo1; Dariusz Dudek2; Christian Hassager3; Alain Combes4; Mario Gramegna5; Sigrun Halvorsen6; Kurt Huber7; Vijay Kunadian8; Jiri Maly9; Jacob Eifer Møller10; Federico Pappalardo11; Giuseppe Tarantini12; Guido Tavazzi13; Holger Thiele14; Christophe Vandenbriele15,16; Nicolas Van Mieghem17; Pascal Vranckx18; Nikos Werner19; Susanna Price16
1. Interventional Cardiology Unit San Raffaele Scientific Institute - Milan, Italy; 2. Institute of Cardiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland; 3. Department of Cardiology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark; 4. Sorbonne Université, INSERM, UMRS_1166-ICAN, Institute of Cardiometabolism and Nutrition, and Department of Medical Intensive Care Unit, Cardiology Institute, Pitié Salpêtrière Hospital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Sorbonne University Medical School, F-75013 Paris, France; 5. Cardiac Intensive Care Unit, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Via Olgettina 60, 20132 Milan, Italy; 6. Department of Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital Ullevål and University of Oslo, Kirkeveien 166, 0450 Oslo, Norway; 7. 3rd Department of Medicine, Cardiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Wilhelminenhospital, Montleartstrasse 37, A-1160 Vienna, and Sigmund Freud University, Medical School, Freudplatz 3, A-1020 Vienna, Austria; 8. Translational and Clinical Research Institute, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Newcastle University and Cardiothoracic Centre, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4HH, United Kingdom; 9. Cardiac Center, IKEM Prague, Videnska 1958/9, 14021 Prague 4, Czech Republic; 10. Department of Cardiology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark; 11. Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, IRCCS ISMETT, UPMC Italy, Via Ernesto Triconi 5, 94100 Palermo, Italy; 12. Interventional Cardiology Unit, Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, Vascular Sciences and Public Health, University of Padova, Via Giustiniani 2, 35128 Padua, Italy; 13. Department of Clinical-Surgical, Diagnostic and Pediatric Sciences, University of Pavia, Unit of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Fondazione Policlinico San Matteo Hospital IRCCS, Piazzale Golgi 19, 27100 Pavia, Italy; 14. Department of Internal Medicine/Cardiology, Heart Center Leipzig at University of Leipzig and Leipzig Heart Institute, Struempellstr 30, 04289 Leipzig, Germany; 15. Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, University Hospitals Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium; 16. Department of Adult Intensive Care Unit, Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, Royal Brompton Hospital, Sydney Street, SW3 6NP London, UK; 17. Department of Interventional Cardiology, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Dr Molewaterplein 40, 3015 GD Rotterdam, the Netherlands; 18. Department of Cardiology and Critical Care Medicine, Jessa Ziekenhuis, Stadsomvaart 11, 3500 Hasselt, Belgium, and Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences University of Hasselt Martelarenplein 42, 3500 Hasselt, Belgium; 19. Heart Center Trier,Department of Internal Medicine III, Krankenhaus der Barmherzigen Brüder, Nordallee 1, 54292 Trier, Germany
There has been a significant increase in the use of short-term percutaneous ventricular assist devices (pVADs) as acute circulatory support in cardiogenic shock and to provide haemodynamic support during interventional procedures, including high-risk percutaneous coronary interventions. Although frequently considered together, pVADs differ in their haemodynamic effects, management, indications, insertion techniques, and monitoring requirements. This consensus document summarizes the views of an expert panel by the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI) and the Association for Acute Cardiovascular Care (ACVC) and appraises the value of short-term pVAD. It reviews the pathophysiological context and possible indications for pVAD in different clinical settings and provides guidance regarding the management of pVAD based on existing evidence and best current practice.