The Official Journal of EuroPCR and the European Association of Percutaneous Coronary Interventions (EAPCI)

Tools and techniques

Tools and Techniques - Clinical: Paravalvular leak closure

EuroIntervention 2014;9:1359-1363. DOI: 10.4244/EIJV9I11A227

1. CardioVascular Center, Frankfurt, Germany; 2. Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA; 3. University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany; 4. Department of Veterans Affairs, Minneapolis, MN, USA

Imaging of paravalvular leak is difficult. Non-invasive methods (transthoracic echocardiography [TTE], transoesophageal echocardiography [TEE], three-dimensional echocardiography [3D echo], computed tomography [CT], magnetic

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