Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of the Occlutech Paravalvular Leak Device (PLD) for the percutaneous closure of paravalvular leaks (PVL).
Methods and results: Patients with PVL were enrolled at 21 sites from nine countries. Indications for PVL closure were heart failure and/or haemolytic anaemia. Endpoint measures were changes in PV regurgitation grade, NYHA class and requirement for haemolysis-related transfusion. One-hundred and thirty-six patients with mitral (67.6%) or aortic (32.4%) leaks were included (mean age 66.7 years, 58% male); 31% had multiple PVLs. The proportion of patients with NYHA Class III/IV decreased from 77.3% at baseline to 16.9% at latest follow-up. The proportion of patients with need for haemolysis-related blood transfusion decreased from 36.8% to 5.9% and from 8.3% to 0% for ML patients and AL patients, respectively. All-cause mortality was 7.4%. Complications included interference with valve leaflets (0.7%), transient device embolisation (percutaneously solved) (0.7%), late device embolisation (0.7%), recurrent haemolytic anaemia (2.2%), new-onset haemolytic anaemia (0.7%), valve surgery (2.2%), need for repeat closure (0.7%), complications at femoral puncture site (0.7%) and arrhythmias requiring treatment (4.4%).
Conclusions: PVL closure with the Occlutech PLD demonstrated a high success rate associated with significant clinical improvement and a relatively low rate of serious complications.
Visual summary. PVL characteristics, leak approach, device types and midterm procedural and clinical outcomes of percutaneous paravalvular leak closure with the Occlutech® PLD. Transcatheter PVL closure with the specifically designed PLD was demonstrated to be effective with a relatively low rate of major complications. Procedural success for ML and AL closure was high with a low rate of residual or recurrent leaks. Significant improvement of NYHA class, and reduction of haemolytic anaemia and transfusion dependency were achieved.