Background: The ability of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to identify specific types of stent has never been systematically studied.
Aims: The aim of this study was to test the accuracy of OCT imaging to identify patterns of stent platform and subsequently identify the type of stent implanted.
Methods: Consecutive patients from six international centres were retrospectively screened, searching for OCT studies with metallic stents or scaffolds. The sample was analysed by two blinded operators, applying a dedicated protocol in four steps to identify the type of stent: 1) 3D and automatic strut detection (ASD), 2) 3D tissue view, 3) longitudinal view with ASD, 4) mode “stent only” and ASD.
Results: A series of 212 patients underwent OCT in the study centres, finding 294 metallic stents or scaffolds in 146 patients. The protocol correctly identified 285 stents (96.9%, kappa 0.965), with excellent interobserver agreement (kappa 0.988). The performance tended to be better in recently implanted stents (kappa 0.993) than in stents implanted ≥3 months before (kappa 0.915), and in pullback speed 18 mm/s as compared with 36 mm/s (kappa 0.969 vs 0.940, respectively).
Conclusions: The type of stent platform can be accurately identified in OCT by trained analysts following a dedicated protocol, combining 3D-OCT, ASD and longitudinal view. This might be clinically helpful in scenarios of device failure and for the quantification of apposition. The blinding of analysts in OCT studies should be revisited.