Aims: We aimed to evaluate whether optical coherence tomography (OCT)-guided rotational atherectomy (RA) improves stent expansion and clinical outcomes compared to intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided RA.
Methods and results: From our database, we identified 247 de novo calcified coronary lesions that underwent RA between September 2013 and December 2017. Of these, lesions with no intravascular imaging data (n=11), poor image quality (n=7), balloon angioplasty alone (n=16), and complications (two burr entrapments, two perforations) were excluded. Finally, 88 and 121 lesions that underwent OCT-guided and IVUS-guided RA, respectively, were included in the study. The primary endpoint of the present study was percent stent expansion. Burr upsizing was more frequently performed (55% vs 32%, p=0.001) and the final burr size was significantly larger (1.75 [1.50-1.75] vs 1.50 [1.50-1.75] mm, p<0.001) in the OCT-guided RA group. Percent stent expansion was significantly larger in the OCT-guided RA group (83±15% vs 72±16%, p=0.0004). Although TLR at one year was lower in the OCT-guided RA group, there was no statistical difference (6.8% vs 11.6%, p=0.25).
Conclusions: OCT-guided RA for calcified coronary lesions resulted in larger percent stent expansion compared to IVUS-guided RA. OCT-guided RA may be ideal for treating calcified coronary lesions.