Aims: This study aimed to investigate the prognostic impact of the SYNTAX score II (SS-II) on ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing a primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI).
Methods and results: This retrospective cohort study included 1,689 patients with STEMI who underwent pPCI between January 2008 and December 2016. The patients were categorised into three groups based on SS-II tertiles (SS-II low tertile <24 [n=585], SS-II intermediate tertile ≥24 and ≤34 [n=567], and SS-II high tertile >34 [n=537]). In-hospital mortality was significantly lower in patients with low and mid SS-II when compared with high SS-II (0.7% vs 0.5% vs 16.4%, p=0.001). During follow-up (median 2.35 years), a high SS-II was positively correlated with MACE (12.3% for low SS-II vs 18.3% for mid SS-II vs 43.2% for high SS-II, p=0.001), all-cause mortality (1.5% vs 3.9% vs 14.2%, p=0.001) and heart failure (0.3% vs 2.7% vs 8.2%, p=0.001). The SS-II showed additive value on top of GRACE, anatomical SYNTAX score and residual SYNTAX score.
Conclusions: The SS-II in patients with STEMI undergoing pPCI adds important prognostic information regarding midterm adverse outcomes, being an independent and powerful predictor of MACE, heart failure and all-cause mortality during follow-up.