Coronary interventions

Optical flow ratio for assessing stenting result and physiological significance of residual disease

EuroIntervention 2021;17:e989-e998. DOI: 10.4244/EIJ-D-21-00185

Daixin Ding
Daixin Ding1,2, MSc; Wei Yu1, BSc; Hélène Tauzin3, PhD; Giovanni Luigi De Maria4, MD, PhD; Peng Wu1, BSc; Fan Yang1, BSc; Rafail A. Kotronias4, MBChB, MSc; Dimitrios Terentes-Printzios4, MD, PhD; Mathias Wolfrum4, MD; Adrian P. Banning4, MBBS, MD; Nicolas Meneveau3, MD, PhD; William Wijns2, MD, PhD; Shengxian Tu1,5, PhD
1. Biomedical Instrument Institute, School of Biomedical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China; 2. The Lambe Institute for Translational Medicine and CÚRAM, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, Ireland; 3. Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Jean Minjoz, Besançon, France; 4. Oxford Heart Centre, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, United Kingdom; 5. Department of Cardiology, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, Fuzhou, China

Background: Optical flow ratio (OFR) is a novel method for fast computation of fractional flow reserve (FFR) from optical coherence tomography (OCT) images.

Aims: We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of OFR in predicting post-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) FFR and the impact of stent expansion on within-stent OFR pressure drop (in-stent OFR).

Methods: Post-PCI OFR was computed in patients with both OCT and FFR interrogation immediately after PCI. Calculation of post-PCI OFR (called simulated residual OFR) from pre-PCI OCT pullbacks after elimination of the stenotic segment by virtual stenting was performed in a subgroup of patients who had pre-PCI OCT images. Stent underexpansion was quantified by the minimum expansion index (MEI) of the stented segment.

Results: A total of 125 paired comparisons between post-PCI OFR and FFR were obtained in 119 patients, among which simulated residual OFR was obtained in 64 vessels. Mean post-PCI FFR was 0.92±0.05. Post-PCI OFR showed good correlation (r=0.74, p<0.001) and agreement (mean difference=–0.01±0.03, p=0.051) with FFR. The accuracy in predicting post-PCI FFR ≤0.90 was 84% for post-PCI OFR. Simulated residual OFR significantly correlated with post-PCI FFR (r=0.42, p<0.001). MEI showed a moderate correlation (r=–0.49, p<0.001) with in-stent OFR.

Conclusions: Post-PCI OFR showed good diagnostic concordance with post-PCI FFR. Simulated residual OFR significantly correlated with post-PCI FFR. Stent underexpansion significantly correlated with in-stent pressure drop.

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acs/nste-acsfractional flow reserveoptical coherence tomographystable angina
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