EuroIntervention 2021;17:e989-e998. DOI: 10.4244/EIJ-D-21-00185
Background: Optical flow ratio (OFR) is a novel method for fast computation of fractional flow reserve (FFR) from optical coherence tomography (OCT) images.
Aims: We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of OFR in predicting post-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) FFR and the impact of stent expansion on within-stent OFR pressure drop (in-stent OFR).
Methods: Post-PCI OFR was computed in patients with both OCT and FFR interrogation immediately after PCI. Calculation of post-PCI OFR (called simulated residual OFR) from pre-PCI OCT pullbacks after elimination of the stenotic segment by virtual stenting was performed in a subgroup of patients who had pre-PCI OCT images. Stent underexpansion was quantified by the minimum expansion index (MEI) of the stented segment.
Results: A total of 125 paired comparisons between post-PCI OFR and FFR were obtained in 119 patients, among which simulated residual OFR was obtained in 64 vessels. Mean post-PCI FFR was 0.92±0.05. Post-PCI OFR showed good correlation (r=0.74, p<0.001) and agreement (mean difference=–0.01±0.03, p=0.051) with FFR. The accuracy in predicting post-PCI FFR ≤0.90 was 84% for post-PCI OFR. Simulated residual OFR significantly correlated with post-PCI FFR (r=0.42, p<0.001). MEI showed a moderate correlation (r=–0.49, p<0.001) with in-stent OFR.
Conclusions: Post-PCI OFR showed good diagnostic concordance with post-PCI FFR. Simulated residual OFR significantly correlated with post-PCI FFR. Stent underexpansion significantly correlated with in-stent pressure drop.
Join us for free and access thousands of articles from EuroIntervention, as well as presentations, videos, cases from PCRonline.com