The Official Journal of EuroPCR and the European Association of Percutaneous Coronary Interventions (EAPCI)

Interventions for valvular disease and heart failure

Early haemodynamic changes and long-term outcome of patients with severe low-gradient aortic stenosis after transcatheter aortic valve replacement

EuroIntervention 2020;15:1181-1189. DOI: 10.4244/EIJ-D-19-00399

1. Department of Cardiology, Asklepios Klinik St. Georg, Hamburg, Germany; 2. Asklepios proresearch, Hamburg, Germany

Aims: Approximately 40% of severe aortic stenosis (AS) patients have a low-gradient (<40 mmHg) AS (LG-AS). The aim of this study was to investigate the invasively measured haemodynamic changes and long-term outcome after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in the subgroups of LG-AS.

Methods and results: A total of 600 LG-AS patients with haemodynamic assessment by left and right heart catheterisation were divided into three groups: normal-flow (NFLG-AS; n=296), paradoxical low-flow (PLFLG-AS; n=153), and classic low-flow (CLFLG-AS; n=151). Post TAVR, PLFLG-AS and CLFLG-AS showed a significant reduction in global afterload (p<0.005), as well as a significant elevation of stroke volume index (SVI), and left and right ventricular stroke work index (p<0.001). NFLG-AS was associated with an elevation of global afterload and a decrease of SVI (p<0.05). Overall survival was highest in NFLG-AS, followed by PLFLG-AS and CLFLG-AS. All subgroups experienced similar symptomatic improvement.

Conclusions: NFLG-AS was the most prevalent form of LG severe AS and was associated with adequate left ventricular compensation and good prognosis. On the other hand, CLFLG-AS represents the heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) form of AS and was associated with the worst prognosis, whereas PLFLG-AS represents the heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) form of AS with intermediate prognosis. Both groups showed early haemodynamic reverse response after TAVR.

Sign in to read and download the full article

Forgot your password?
No account yet? Sign up for free!
Create my pcr account

Join us for free and access thousands of articles from EuroIntervention, as well as presentations, videos, cases from PCRonline.com

Read next article
Defining device success for percutaneous coronary intervention trials: a position statement from the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions of the European Society of Cardiology