EuroIntervention 2023;18:e1066-e1076. DOI: 10.4244/EIJ-D-22-00521
Background: One-third of patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) have an indication for long-term oral anticoagulation (OAC).
Aims: We aimed to investigate whether continued non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant (NOAC) therapy compared with continued vitamin K antagonist (VKA) therapy during TAVI is equally safe and effective.
Methods: Consecutive patients on OAC with either NOAC or VKA undergoing transfemoral TAVI at five European centres were enrolled. The primary outcome measure was a composite of major/life-threatening bleeding, stroke, and all-cause mortality at 30 days.
Results: In total, 584 patients underwent TAVI under continued OAC with 294 (50.3%) patients receiving VKA and 290 (49.7%) patients receiving NOAC. At 30 days, the composite primary outcome had occurred in 51 (17.3%) versus 36 (12.4%) patients with continued VKA and with continued NOAC, respectively (odds ratio [OR] 0.68, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.43-1.07; p=0.092). Rates of major/life-threatening bleeding (OR 0.87, 95% CI: 0.52-1.47; p=0.606) and stroke (OR 1.02, 95% CI: 0.29-3.59; p=0.974) were not different between groups. In a multivariate Cox regression analysis, continued NOAC, compared with continued VKA, was associated with a lower risk for all-cause 1-year mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 0.61, 95% CI: 0.37-0.98; p=0.043). The analysis of the propensity score-matched cohort revealed similar results.
Conclusions: Continued NOAC compared with continued VKA during TAVI led to comparable outcomes with regard to the composite outcome measure indicating that continued OAC with both drugs is feasible. These hypothesis-generating results need to be confirmed by a dedicated randomised controlled trial.
Join us for free and access thousands of articles from EuroIntervention, as well as presentations, videos, cases from PCRonline.com