Aims: We aimed to understand the association between stent length and clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using newer-generation drug-eluting stents (DES).
Methods and results: We analysed 9,217 patients who underwent stenting for a single lesion from the GRAND-DES registry, a patient-level pooled registry including five Korean multicentre DES registries. The median follow-up duration was 730 days (interquartile range 708 to 752 days). A total of 8,035 patients were classified into the short stenting group (≤40 mm), and 1,182 into the long stenting group (>40 mm). The primary endpoint was target lesion failure (TLF). Long stenting (>40 mm) was significantly associated with higher TLF (IPTW adjusted HR 1.88, 95% CI: 1.67-2.13; p<0.001), and definite or probable stent thrombosis (IPTW adjusted HR 2.20, 95% CI: 1.51-3.20; p<0.001). In the landmark analysis, the incidence of TLF was significantly higher with long stenting during the first 30 days after PCI (log-rank p=0.001) and also after 30 days (log-rank p<0.001). Long stenting was associated with a higher risk of early stent thrombosis (log-rank p=0.001), but not with that of late stent thrombosis (log-rank p=0.887).
Conclusions: In the contemporary second-generation DES era, stenting longer than 40 mm continues to be associated with less favourable clinical outcomes such as TLF and stent thrombosis.