The Official Journal of EuroPCR and the European Association of Percutaneous Coronary Interventions (EAPCI)

Coronary interventions

Clinical outcomes of long stenting in the drug-eluting stent era: patient-level pooled analysis from the GRAND-DES registry

EuroIntervention 2021;16:1318-1325. DOI: 10.4244/EIJ-D-19-00296

1. Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 2. Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam-si, Republic of Korea

Aims: We aimed to understand the association between stent length and clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using newer-generation drug-eluting stents (DES).

Methods and results: We analysed 9,217 patients who underwent stenting for a single lesion from the GRAND-DES registry, a patient-level pooled registry including five Korean multicentre DES registries. The median follow-up duration was 730 days (interquartile range 708 to 752 days). A total of 8,035 patients were classified into the short stenting group (≤40 mm), and 1,182 into the long stenting group (>40 mm). The primary endpoint was target lesion failure (TLF). Long stenting (>40 mm) was significantly associated with higher TLF (IPTW adjusted HR 1.88, 95% CI: 1.67-2.13; p<0.001), and definite or probable stent thrombosis (IPTW adjusted HR 2.20, 95% CI: 1.51-3.20; p<0.001). In the landmark analysis, the incidence of TLF was significantly higher with long stenting during the first 30 days after PCI (log-rank p=0.001) and also after 30 days (log-rank p<0.001). Long stenting was associated with a higher risk of early stent thrombosis (log-rank p=0.001), but not with that of late stent thrombosis (log-rank p=0.887).

Conclusions: In the contemporary second-generation DES era, stenting longer than 40 mm continues to be associated with less favourable clinical outcomes such as TLF and stent thrombosis.

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