The Official Journal of EuroPCR and the European Association of Percutaneous Coronary Interventions (EAPCI)

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation improves cognitive function associated with increased cerebral blood flow in elderly patients with severe aortic stenosis

DOI: 10.4244/EIJ-D-19-00489

1. Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine
2. Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Tohoku University
3. Department of Geriatrics & Gerontology, Division of Brain Science, Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer Tohoku University
4. Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine
5. Department of Nuclear Medicine and Radiology, Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan.
6. Department of Geriatrics & Gerontology, Division of Brain Science, Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer Tohoku University
7. Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Took University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan
Disclaimer:

As a public service to our readership, this article - peer reviewed by the Editors of EuroIntervention - has been published immediately upon acceptance as it was received. The content of this article is the sole responsibility of the authors, and not that of the journal or its publishers.

Please note that supplementary movies are not available online at this stage. Once a paper is published in its edited and formatted form, it will be accompanied online by any supplementary movies.

To read the full content of this article, please download the PDF. Download full article (PDF)

Aims: The aim of this study was to examine the mechanisms of cognitive impairment and reversibility in elderly patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with a special reference to cerebral blood flow (CBF). 

Methods and results: We examined 15 elderly patients with severe AS (mean age 83.2±4.5 years, 12 female) who underwent TAVI.  Before and 3 months after TAVI, we evaluated cognitive function with the Logical Memory II (LM II), cardiac output (CO) with echocardiography, and CBF with 99mTc single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT).  LM II score and CO were significantly increased after TAVI compared with baseline (P<0.01 for LM II, P<0.005 for CO).  Notably, CBF in the local regions, including that in the right hippocampus, was significantly increased after TAVI (P<0.005 at each voxel).  The patients with increased CO after TAVI also showed significantly increased CBF in the right hippocampus compared with those without it (P<0.01).  Importantly, CBF in the right hippocampus were positively correlated with LM II scores (P<0.05).

Conclusions: These results provide the first evidence that TAVI may improve cognitive functions associated with increased cerebral perfusion especially in the hippocampus in elderly patients with severe AS.

Sign in to read and download the full article

Forgot your password?
No account yet? Sign up for free!
Create my pcr account

Join us for free and access thousands of articles from EuroIntervention, as well as presentations, videos, cases from PCRonline.com

Read next article

From Paris to Amsterdam: EuroPCR, ESC 2020 and spotlight on "The Cutting Edge of Cardiology"