Aims: Peri-strut low-intensity area (PLIA) assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been reported as a potential marker of abnormal neointimal healing. We aimed to evaluate the impact of PLIA on clinical events and its risk factors.
Methods and results: We enrolled 264 consecutive patients treated with an everolimus-eluting stent (EES) who underwent follow-up OCT six to 12 months after stenting. Target lesion revascularisation (TLR) was evaluated at a mean 42.6 months after stenting. PLIA was identified in 102 patients; 162 patients did not exhibit PLIA. Multivariate Cox hazard regression analysis indicated that the presence of PLIA (PLIA+) was an independent risk factor for an increased incidence of TLR (hazard ratio [HR]: 4.608, p=0.003). In both the early (<1 year) and late (>1 year) phases, the incidence of TLR was significantly higher in the PLIA+ group (p<0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). In the Cox hazard regression analysis, current smoking and increased C-reactive protein level were independently associated with PLIA+ (HR: 1.737, p=0.009; HR: 2.435, p=0.008, respectively).
Conclusions: The presence of PLIA on midterm OCT was associated with TLR after EES implantation. Detailed stent assessment by midterm OCT may help to predict stent failure in patients treated with EES.