Background: CT-QFR is a novel coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA)-based method for on-site evaluation of patients with suspected obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD).
Aims: We aimed to compare the diagnostic performance of CT-QFR with myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) and cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) as second-line tests in patients with suspected obstructive CAD after coronary CTA.
Methods: A paired analysis of CT-QFR and MPS or CMR, with an invasive FFR-based classification as reference standard was carried out. Symptomatic patients with >50% diameter stenosis on coronary CTA were randomised to MPS or CMR and referred for invasive coronary angiography.
Results: The rate of coronary CTA not feasible for CT-QFR analysis was 17%. Paired patient-level data were available for 118 patients in the MPS group and 113 in the CMR group. Patient-level diagnostic accuracy was better for CT-QFR than for both MPS (82.2% [95% CI: 75.2-89.2] vs 70.3% [95% CI: 62.0-78.7], p=0.029) and CMR (77.0% [95% CI: 69.1-84.9] vs 65.5% [95% CI: 56.6-74.4], p=0.047). Following a positive coronary CTA and with the intention to diagnose, CT-QFR, CMR and MPS were equally suitable as rule-in and rule-out modalities.
Conclusions: The diagnostic performance of CT-QFR as a second-line test was at least similar to MPS and CMR for the evaluation of obstructive CAD in symptomatic patients presenting with ≥50% diameter stenosis on coronary CTA.