Background: TAVI is a widely accepted treatment for patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). Despite the adoption of diverse therapies, opportunities remain to develop technologies tailored to provide optimal acute and potential long-term benefits, particularly around haemodynamics, flow and durability.
Aims: We aimed to evaluate the safety and feasibility of the DurAVR transcatheter heart valve (THV), a first-in-class biomimetic valve, in the treatment of patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis (AS).
Methods: This was a first-in-human (FIH), prospective, non-randomised, single-arm, single-centre study. Patients with severe, symptomatic AS of any surgical risk and who were eligible for the DurAVR THV prosthesis were recruited; they were assessed at baseline, 30 days, 6 months, and 1 year post-procedure for implant success, haemodynamic performance, and safety.
Results: Thirteen patients (73.9±6.4 years old, 77% female) were enrolled. The DurAVR THV was successfully implanted in 100% of cases with no device-related complications. One access site complication, one permanent pacemaker implantation, and one case of moderate aortic regurgitation occurred. Otherwise, no deaths, stroke, bleeding, reinterventions, or myocardial infarction were reported during any of the follow-up visits. Despite a mean annulus size of 22.95±1.09 mm, favourable haemodynamic results were observed at 30 days (effective orifice area [EOA] 2.00±0.17 cm2, and mean pressure gradient [MPG] 9.02±2.68 mmHg) and were sustained at 1 year (EOA 1.96±0.11 cm2, MPG 8.82±1.38 mmHg), resulting in zero patients with any degree of prosthesis-patient mismatch. Additionally, new valve performance measures derived from cardiovascular magnetic resonance displayed restoration of laminar flow, consistent with a predisease state, in conjunction with a mean coaptation length of 8.3±1.7 mm.
Conclusions: Preliminary results from the FIH study with DurAVR THV demonstrate a good safety profile with promising haemodynamic performance sustained at 1 year and restoration of near-normal flow dynamics. Further clinical investigation is warranted to evaluate how DurAVR THV may play a role in addressing the challenge of lifetime management in AS patients.
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