Aims: This study aimed to evaluate the morphologic characteristics of double kissing (DK) mini-culotte and mini-culotte stenting through imaging of bench testing.
Methods and results: DK mini-culotte and mini-culotte stenting were performed in two silicone bifurcated phantoms with branch vessel diameter differences of 0.5 mm (Model 1) and 1.25 mm (Model 2), and their morphologic characteristics were evaluated by micro-computed tomography. In Model 1, metal carina length (0.25±0.13 mm vs 0.55±0.15 mm), area stenosis of the side branch ostium (SBO) (4.65±3.24% vs 12.5±3.93%), and maximum distance of malapposed struts for the wall facing the SBO (0.27±0.08 mm vs 0.49±0.15 mm) were lower in the DK mini-culotte group than in the mini-culotte group. In Model 2, metal carina length (0.21±0.47 mm vs 0.47±0.12 mm), SBO area stenosis (5.13±3.37% vs 15.00±6.18%), and maximum distance of malapposed struts (0.32±0.13 mm vs 0.68±0.10 mm) were also lower in the DK mini-culotte group. The results of factorial analysis showed that maximum distance of malapposed struts tended to be shorter in Model 1 (F=4.226, p=0.062).
Conclusions: Compared with mini-culotte stenting, DK mini-culotte stenting was associated with shorter metal carina length, shorter maximum distance of malapposed struts, and smaller SBO area stenosis. Thus, DK mini-culotte stenting may obtain better morphologic characteristics.