1. Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy; 2. Università Cattolica Del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy; 3. Institute of Cardiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland; 4. Maria Cecilia Hospital, GVM Care & Research, Cotignola (RA), Italy
The classic, historical, percutaneous approach
Since their introduction, percutaneous cardiovascular (diagnostic and interventional) procedures (PCP) have progressively gained a key position in the contemporary management of cardiac patients.
The term “percutaneous” comes from the Latin and means “by way of the skin”. The “percutaneous approach” in cardiovascular medicine indicates the possibility of accessing the arterial or veinous system without their surgical exposure. A modified Seldinger technique (based on a needle catheter to get access to the blood vessel, followed by the introduction of a wire through the lumen), “sheath” ...