The Official Journal of EuroPCR and the European Association of Percutaneous Coronary Interventions (EAPCI)

CORONARY INTERVENTIONS

Acute thrombogenicity of fluoropolymer-coated versus biodegradable and polymer-free stents

EuroIntervention 2019;14:1685-1693 published online April 2018. DOI: 10.4244/EIJ-D-17-00728

1. CVPath Institute, Inc., Gaithersburg, MD, USA; 2. Medstar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC, USA; 3. Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, CA, USA

Aims: Durable fluoropolymer-coated everolimus-eluting stents (FP-EES) have shown lower rates of stent thrombosis (ST) versus bare metal stents (BMS) and first-generation bioabsorbable polymer (BP) DES. The aim of the study was to evaluate the specific role of the FP in thromboresistance.

Methods and results: A total of 57 stents were assessed in three separate ex vivo swine arteriovenous shunt model experiments (first shunt experiment, custom-made fluoropolymer-coated BMS [FP-only] vs. BMS [n=8 each]; second shunt experiment, FP-EES vs. abluminally coated biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stents [BP-SES] vs. BMS [n=8 each]; and third shunt experiment, FP-EES vs. polymer-free Biolimus A9-coated stents [PF-BCS] vs. BMS [n=6 each]). After one hour of circulation, stents were bisected, and each half was dual-immunostained using a platelet cocktail and a marker for inflammation. Antibody staining was visualised by confocal microscopy. In addition, stents were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy. FP-only stents showed significantly lower platelet adherence compared with BMS (% fluorescence-positive area: FP-only=1.8%, BMS=5.6%, p=0.047) with similar inflammatory cell density. FP-EES also demonstrated the lowest platelet adherence compared with BP-SES (p=0.056), PF-BCS (p=0.013) and BMS (p=0.003) with the significantly lowest inflammatory cell density.

Conclusions: Fluoropolymer coating imparts greater thromboresistance relative to BMS and to polymer-free DES designs, which reflects an unique phenomenon known as fluoropassivation, representing one proposed mechanism for clinically observed low ST rates in FP-EES.

Sign in to read and download the full article

Forgot your password?
No account yet? Sign up for free!
Create my pcr account

Join us for free and access thousands of articles from EuroIntervention, as well as presentations, videos, cases from PCRonline.com

Read next article

The functional assessment of patients with non-obstructive coronary artery disease: expert review from an international microcirculation working group