Background: In patients with severe mitral regurgitation (MR) who are scheduled for transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR), risk stratification is predominantly based on surgical risk scores.
Aims: We sought to characterise and define stages of right heart remodelling in patients undergoing TMVR and evaluate the impact of this staging classification on survival.
Methods: According to echocardiographic parameters, 929 patients undergoing MitraClip treatment were classified into three stages: severe MR without right heart damage (stage 0), with moderate-to-severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR) (stage 1), with right ventricular dysfunction defined as a reduced fractional area change <35% and a tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion <17 mm, or with increased right atrial area >25 cm2 and/or indexed right ventricular volume >30 ml/m2 (stage 2). We compared clinical outcomes and performed a multivariate analysis to evaluate the predictive value of the extent of cardiac damage.
Results: Rates of one-year all-cause mortality increased with more advanced stages of right heart remodelling (stage 0: 8% vs stage 1: 9.7% vs stage 2: 18.1%; p<0.001). In the multivariate analysis, advanced cardiac damage was an independent predictor of one-year all-cause mortality (stage 2: p=0.007).
Conclusions: A simple staging classification objectively characterises the extent of right heart remodelling caused by MR and allows risk prediction in patients undergoing a MitraClip procedure.