EuroIntervention 2022;18:242-252. DOI: 10.4244/EIJ-D-21-00741
Background: There is no established technique for managing large thrombus burden (LTB) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).
Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of the NeVa (Vesalio) mechanical thrombectomy device (MTD) in ACS patients with LTB.
Methods: Consecutive patients with ACS and LTB were treated with the NeVa MTD as the primary vessel recanalisation and thrombus removal modality, followed by conventional intervention. We further developed a bench model and applied to a subset of patients, a vacuum-assisted aspiration technique, exploiting 6 Fr-compatible conventional guiding catheter extensions, as an adjudicative manoeuvre to the use of stent-based MTD. A core laboratory reviewed the angiographic images for procedural complications, Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow, myocardial blush grade (MBG) and TIMI thrombus grade (TTG).
Results: Between November 2019 and March 2021, 61 patients underwent thrombectomy with the NeVa device. Non-flow limiting and reversible coronary spasm occurred in 14 (23%) patients. One patient (#10) suffered from side branch embolisation, which was successfully treated with the NeVa, triggering the development of a vacuum-assisted aspiration technique in a bench model, which was then applied to the subsequent 51 patients. No other device-related complications occurred. After NeVa use, TIMI flow <3 decreased from 68.3% at baseline to 10.3% (p<0.001), MBG <2 from 65% to 27.6% (p<0.001), TTG ≥3 from 96.7% to 43.2% (p<0.001), respectively.
Conclusions: In patients with LTB, the NeVa MTD was safe and associated with high rates of vessel recanalisation and thrombus removal. The concomitant use of vacuum-assisted aspiration has potential to improve the effectiveness and safety of the technique.
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