Bernard De Bruyne1, MD, PhD; Marta Belmonte1, MD; Richard J. Jabbour2,3, MBBS, PhD, MRCP; Nick Curzen2,3, BM (Hons), PhD, FRCP
1. Cardiovascular Center Aalst, Aalst, Belgium; 2. University of Southampton Faculty of Medicine, Southampton, UK; 3. Coronary Research Group, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, UK
While invasive coronary angiography can evaluate epicardial coronary arteries in patients with suspected ischaemia, it may not be sufficient for those with ischaemia and non-obstructed coronary arteries (INOCA). In these cases, a more accurate diagnostic approach involving invasive functional testing can be considered. However, the routine use of invasive functional testing in INOCA patients is still an area of debate due to uncertainties surrounding its diagnostic value, optimal thresholds, cost-effectiveness, and therapeutic implications.
Bernard De Bruyne, MD, PhD; Marta Belmonte, MD
The goal of invasive coronary angiography is to identify the cause of a patient&...