Training in interventional cardiology in Europe: how to move from chaos to rational common programs?
Carlo Di Mario*1, MD, PhD, FESC, FSCAI; Antoine Lafont2, MD, PhD, FESC
1. Vice-Chairman Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology, Royal Brompton and Imperial College, London, UK; 2. Chairman Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology, Hôpital Europ
The last years have seen an exponential growth of Interventional Cardiology in Europe. The driving factors were the use of stents and more recently drug eluting stents for percutaneous treatment of complex, long and multiple lesions previously reserved only to surgery, the routine use of primary angioplasty in acute myocardial infarction and of rapid referral to invasive evaluation of patients with unstable syndromes and the trend to tackle non coronary disease such as carotid, renal, iliac, femoropopliteal stenoses. It was unavoidable that the training schemes designed when interventional cardiology was in its infancy did not cope with this pace. The ...