Several expert documents on sex-based differences in interventional outcomes are now available; however, this is the first position paper from the EAPCI Women Committee discussing the potential influence of sex in the percutaneous treatment of coronary and structural heart disease. Despite the misconception that coronary artery disease is a “man’s disease”, contemporary data show a growing incidence in women. However, women are under-represented in randomised coronary clinical trials (~25%). The generalisation of such studies is, therefore, problematic in decision making for females undergoing coronary intervention. Differences in pathophysiology between sexes exist, highlighting the need for greater awareness amongst healthcare professionals to enable best evidence-based therapies for women as well as for men. Reassuringly, women represent half of the population included in transcatheter aortic valve implantation clinical trials and may actually benefit more. Growing evidence is also emerging for other interventional atrial procedures which may well be advantageous to women. Awareness of sex disparities is increasing, and we must all work collaboratively within our profession to ensure that we provide effective care for all patients with heart disease. The EAPCI Women Committee aims to highlight such issues through this position paper and through visibility within the interventional community.
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