The Official Journal of EuroPCR and the European Association of Percutaneous Coronary Interventions (EAPCI)

Patent foramen ovale and atrial septal defect closure

Department of Cardiology, Swiss Cardiovascular Center Bern, University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland

Patent foramen ovale (PFO) and atrial septal defects (ASDs) are both openings in the interatrial septum, but they differ substantially with respect to morphology and functional consequences. Accordingly, although technical tr

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